SKA Global Headquarters, Jodrell Bank, Cheshire, UK, 10 July 2019 – The SKA Global Headquarters (SKA GHQ), the home of a new intergovernmental organisation created to facilitate global collaboration in radio astronomy, has been formally opened and handed over in a ceremony attended by international dignitaries and partners from across the SKA project.
More than 200 guests including government officials from SKA member countries were welcomed to the SKA GHQ for the event, which included a commemorative lecture by renowned astrophysicist Professor Dame Jocelyn Bell Burnell, co-discoverer of the first radio pulsars.
Located on the grounds of The University of Manchester’s historic Jodrell Bank Observatory in Cheshire, inscribed as a UNESCO World Heritage Site this week, SKA’s GHQ was designed from the start to become a nexus of radio astronomy and a global hub for astrophysics in the 21st century. Operated by an international partnership of countries, it is already home to staff from 16 countries who are currently focused on delivering the final design of the two SKA telescopes in collaboration with international partner institutes, drawing on the expertise of specialists from around the world.
Once built, the SKA telescopes will have an expected lifespan of at least 50 years, making the GHQ a focal point for radio astronomy for decades to come.
“This facility is key to enabling us to deliver the world’s largest radio telescope” said Professor Philip Diamond, Director-General of the SKA Organisation. “It will serve as a central hub for all the experts, more than 1,000 of them, working on this ambitious project around the world. Today I would like to tell them, whether they are scientists, engineers, software developers, policy-makers or others: this facility is now open, it is your home, and we look forward to welcoming you here.”
During the inauguration, Professor Mark Thomson, Executive Chair of the UK Science and Technology Facilities Council (STFC), presented a commemorative key to Professor Diamond to mark the ceremonial handover of the building to the SKA.
“The opening of the SKA Headquarters marks a major milestone for this incredibly exciting scientific project”, said Professor Thomson. “The UK Government, through STFC, has committed £100m to the construction of the SKA and the headquarters itself and I am thrilled that the UK is hosting the home of this global endeavour. I look forward to seeing the headquarters filled with some of the brightest minds in the field of astronomy from across the world working to fulfil SKA’s mission to reveal more of the universe than ever seen before.”
Professor Dame Nancy Rothwell, President and Vice-Chancellor of The University of Manchester, which operates the Jodrell Bank site and led on the delivery of the building, said: “After Jodrell Bank’s designation as a World Heritage Site earlier this week, having the GHQ of the SKA at our Jodrell Bank site will greatly enhance the links we have with scientists across the world and further strengthen the development of the field of astrophysics. This is an important reminder of the international importance of science and of the UK’s crucial role in such endeavours.”
The SKA Observatory will be the only intergovernmental organisation with its headquarters in the North West region of the UK. As such, it is helping put Cheshire on the international map by hosting visits from royalty, government ministers and ambassadors. The SKA GHQ also hosts professional conferences where experts in astrophysics, engineering, computing and many other fields gather. It is already receiving several hundred business visits from all over the world every year, a number set to grow as the SKA telescopes enter operation.
Construction of the £16.5m expansion of the original SKA office at Jodrell Bank started in 2017, funded by the UK Government’s Department for Business, Energy & Industrial Strategy (£9.8m) via UKRI, The University of Manchester (£5.7m) and Cheshire East Council (£1m). The design was led by international architecture practice Hassell and the construction by engineering and construction firm Sir Robert McAlpine.
Facilities within the 4,200 m2 building include a 160-seat auditorium for science conferences, workshops and public talks, and state-of-the-art video conferencing technology to connect teams spread over 20 time zones, as well as an Operations Monitoring Centre to remotely manage the telescopes around the clock. Environmental features were a priority in the design, such as electric vehicle recharging, thermal zoning control and dark-sky compliant external lighting, which have ensured the building exceeds sustainable requirements.
“While it is an outstanding building in its own right, it also symbolises something much greater; this is the meeting point of nations who have decided to come together and pool their expertise and resources in order to advance human knowledge in astronomy on a site of great historic relevance”, added Professor Diamond.
The Jodrell Bank site was granted UNESCO World Heritage status earlier this week, celebrating its outstanding contribution to the development of radio astronomy globally, including the role played by the 76m Lovell Telescope, once the world’s largest single dish radio telescope. Fittingly, the world’s future largest radio telescope, the SKA, is being led by an international collaboration from the same site.
SKAO Deputy Communications Manager
Professor Sir Mark Walport, Chief Executive, UK Research and Innovation
“Today’s milestone reinforces the UK’s leading position in global astronomy and UKRI’s commitment to strengthening international research and innovation. The Square Kilometre Array will help us answer fundamental questions about the nature and the origin of our Universe, providing insights that will drive future discoveries. In addition, the new technologies and methods it will pioneer will deliver advances in computing, information technology and big data processing, with the potential to create significant benefit across many areas of modern life.”
Cllr Sam Corcoran, Leader of Cheshire East Council
“Cheshire East Council is proud to be a partner in delivering the prestigious Square Kilometre Array headquarters. In 2015, the Council invested £1m as part of a support package to keep Jodrell Bank Observatory at the forefront of global scientific research and we look forward to continuing to work with SKA and the University of Manchester to promote Cheshire East as an internationally important location for scientific discovery and innovation.
I am thrilled that UNESCO has designated Jodrell Bank as a World Heritage Site. The Observatory, with its iconic Lovell Telescope, has for many years been a defining feature of the Cheshire East landscape and the site continues to attract scientists, students and many visitors to our borough to learn more about the cosmos.
“We look forward to the new discoveries that the SKA will bring and will work to maximise the opportunities that this international recognition brings for Cheshire East, our science, tech and visitor economies and education and learning in the borough”.
About the SKA
The Square Kilometre Array (SKA) project is an international effort to build the world’s largest radio telescope. The SKA is not a single telescope, but a collection of telescopes, called an array, to be spread over long distances. It will be constructed in Australia and South Africa with a later expansion in both countries and into other African countries.
The design has been led by the SKA Organisation based near Manchester, UK and supported by more than 1,000 engineers and scientists in 20 countries. The SKA Organisation is transitioning to the SKA Observatory, an intergovernmental organisation established by treaty, to undertake the construction and operation of the telescope.
The SKA will conduct transformational science and help to address fundamental gaps in our understanding of the Universe including the formation and evolution of galaxies, fundamental physics in extreme environments and the origins of life in the universe.
About Jodrell Bank
The University of Manchester’s Jodrell Bank Observatory is the home of the world-famous Lovell Telescope and operates e-MERLIN, the UK’s national radio astronomy facility linking seven radio telescopes over 217km. The Lovell Telescope, which dominates the site, was the world’s largest telescope when it was completed in 1957. It is now more powerful than ever and has become an icon of science & engineering.
Jodrell Bank Discovery Centre welcomes around 185,000 visitors each year, including 26,000 school pupils on educational visits and 25,000 at its award-winning annual festival of discovery, bluedot. It showcases the science and heritage of the site and the research work of the University’s Jodrell Bank Centre for Astrophysics to a wide audience, aiming to inspire the next generation of scientists & engineers.
First Light at Jodrell Bank is a new development that will transform the Discovery Centre into a world-class visitor attraction and a new national heritage destination. Supported by the National Lottery Heritage Fund, the project includes the creation of a stunning new exhibition that will chart the story of Jodrell Bank’ pioneering scientists, and the incredible history of this internationally significant site.